13. Property, plant and equipment

2019
$000
2018
$000
Land  
At fair value 21,761 21,761
 21,76121,761
Buildings  
At fair value 135,615 134,696
Less: Accumulated depreciation (82,350) (79,452)
 53,26555,244
Infrastructure  
At fair value 7,722 7,423
Less: Accumulated depreciation (4,575) (4,120)
 3,1473,303
Construction (work in progress)  
At capitalised cost 0 20
 020
Plant and equipment  
At fair value 11,048 9,989
Less: Accumulated depreciation (7,584) (7,364)
 3,4642,625
Computer hardware  
At fair value 405 349
Less: Accumulated depreciation (302) (268)
 10381
Transport equipment  
At fair value 3,699 3,638
Less: Accumulated depreciation (2,836) (2,801)
 863837
Leased land  
At capitalised cost 386 386
Less: Accumulated amortisation (20) (10)
 366376
   
Total property, plant and equipment82,96984,247

2019 Property, plant and equipment  reconciliations

A reconciliation of the carrying amount of property,  plant and equipment at the beginning and end of 2018-19 is set out below:

Land
$000
Buildings
$000
Infrastructure
$000
Construction
(work in
progress)
$000
Plant and equipment
$000
Computer hardware
$000
Transport equipment
$000
Leased
land
$000
Total
$000
Carrying amount as at 1 July 2018 21,761 55,244 3,303 20 2,625 81 837 376 84,247
Additions 0 0 0 0 241 56 90 0 387
Disposals 0 0 0 0 (7) 0 0 0 (7)
Depreciation and amortisation 0 (2,898) (455) 0 (567) (34) (170) (10) (4,134)
Additions/(disposals) from administrative restructuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Additions/disposals from asset transfers 0 919 299 (20) 1,172 0 106 0 2    476
Revaluation increments/decrements 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Impairment losses 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrying    Amount as at 30 June 2019 21,761 53,265 3,147 0 3,464 103 863 366 82,969

2018  Property, plant and equipment reconciliations

A reconciliation of the carrying amounts of property,  plant and equipment at the beginning and end of 2017-18 is set out below:

Land
$000
Buildings
$000
Infrastructure
$000
Construction
(work in
progress)
$000
Plant and equipment
$000
Computer hardware
$000
Transport equipment
$000
Leased
land
$000
Total
$000
Carrying amount as at 1 July 2017 21,761 52,170 3,696 20 2,871 11 890 0 81,419
Additions 0 2,279 50 0 245 162 82 386 3,204
Disposals 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Depreciation and amortisation 0 (3,028) (443) 0 (554) (29) (135) (10) (4,199)
Additions/(disposals) from administrative restructuring 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Additions/(disposals) from asset transfers 0 0 0 0 63 (63) 0 0 0
Revaluation increments/(decrements) 0 3,823 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,823
Impairment losses 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrying    amount as at 30 June 2018 21,761 55,244 3,303 20 2,625 81 837 376 84,247

Acquisitions

All items of property, plant and equipment with a cost, or other value, equal to or greater than $10,000 are recognised in the year of acquisition and depreciated as outlined below. Items of property, plant and equipment below the $10,000 threshold are expensed in the year of acquisition.

The construction cost of property, plant and equipment includes the cost of materials and direct labour, and an appropriate proportion of fixed and variable overheads.

Complex assets

Major items of plant and equipment comprising a number of components that have different useful lives are accounted for as separate assets. The components may be replaced during the useful life of the complex asset.

Subsequent additional costs

Costs incurred on property, plant and equipment subsequent to initial acquisition are capitalised when it is probable that future economic benefits in excess of the originally assessed performance of the asset will flow to the department in future years. Where these costs represent separate components of a complex asset, they are accounted for as separate assets and are separately depreciated over their expected useful lives.

Construction (work in progress)

As part of the financial management framework, the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Logistics is responsible for managing general government capital works projects on a whole-of-government basis. Therefore, appropriation for all departments’ capital works is provided directly to the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Logistics and the cost of construction work in progress is recognised as an asset of that department. Once completed, capital works assets are transferred to the department.

Revaluations and impairment Revaluation of assets

Subsequent to initial recognition, assets belonging to the following classes of non-current assets are revalued with sufficient regularity to ensure that the carrying amount of these assets does not differ materially from their fair value at reporting date:

  • land
  • buildings
  • infrastructure assets

Plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation, which is deemed to equate to fair value.

The latest revaluations as at 30 June 2018 were independently conducted by the Territory Property Consultants Pty Ltd. Refer to Note 20: Fair value for additional disclosures.

Impairment of assets

An asset is said to be impaired when the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.

Non-current physical and intangible department assets are assessed for indicators of impairment on an annual basis or whenever there is indication of impairment. If an indicator of impairment exists, the department determines the asset’s recoverable amount. The asset’s recoverable amount is determined as the higher of the asset’s current replacement cost and fair value less costs to sell. Any amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount is recorded as an impairment loss.

Impairment losses are recognised in the comprehensive operating statement. They are disclosed as an expense unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount. Where the asset is measured at a revalued amount, the impairment loss is offset against the asset revaluation surplus for that class of asset to the extent that an available balance exists in the asset revaluation surplus.

In certain situations, an impairment loss may subsequently be reversed. Where an impairment loss is subsequently reversed, the carrying amount of the asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised in the comprehensive operating statement as income, unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment reversal results in an increase in the asset revaluation surplus. Note 19 provides additional information in relation to the asset revaluation surplus.

The department’s property, plant and equipment assets were assessed for impairment as at 30 June 2019. No impairment adjustments were required as a result of this review.

Depreciation and amortisation expense

Items of property, plant and equipment, including buildings but excluding land, have limited useful lives and are depreciated or amortised using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives.

Amortisation applies in relation to intangible non-current assets with limited useful lives and is calculated and accounted for in a similar manner to depreciation.

The estimated useful lives for each class of asset are in accordance with the Treasurer’s directions and are determined as follows:

2019

2018

Buildings 50 years 50 years
Infrastructure assets 16-50 years 16-50 years
Plant and equipment 10 years 10 years
Computer hardware 3-6 years 3-6 years
Transport equipment 2-10 years 2-10 years
Leased land 40 years 40 years

Assets are depreciated or amortised from the date of acquisition or from the time an asset is completed and held ready for use.

Leased assets

Leases under which the department assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of an asset, are classified as finance leases. Other leases are classified as operating leases.

Finance leases

Finance leases are capitalised. A lease asset and lease liability equal to the lower of the fair value of the leased property and present value of the minimum lease payments, each determined at the inception of the lease, are recognised.

Lease payments are allocated between the principal component of the lease liability and the interest expense.

Operating leases

Operating lease payments made at regular intervals throughout the term are expensed when the payments are due, except where an alternative basis is more representative of the pattern of benefits to be derived from the leased property. Lease incentives under an operating lease of a building or office space is recognised as an integral part of the consideration for the use of the leased asset. Lease incentives should be recognised as a deduction of the lease expenses over the term of the lease.


ANNUAL REPORT 2018-19 - DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRY AND RESOURCES


Last updated: 23 October 2019

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