Take stock: knowledge is power in Central Australia
The Department of Primary Industry and Resources (DPIR) recently facilitated the delivery of workshops to Central Australian producers, improving stockmanship practices, knowledge about self herding principles and wild dog management in the region.
A stress free stockmanship course was hosted at Lyndavale station in October, and a self herding and wild dog management workshop and discussion exercise took place at Mount Riddock Station. The objectives of the workshops were to:
- improve animal welfare
- improve grazing management practices
- facilitate a constructive discussion around wild dog management.
All three sessions generated awareness and discussion around best practice methods, and complex issues facing producers in the region.
Stress free stockmanship course
Above: After an hour of ‘active de-stressing’ in the yards, the cattle started to look to the handlers for cues on what to do next.
Bruce Maynard, a producer and innovator from Narromine in NSW delivered the two day stress free stockmanship course to eight participants at Lyndavale Station. He introduced participants to animal behaviour theory before they were taken to the yards for the practical component.
“When we first got into the yards, the cattle were quite scared of us – so Bruce showed us how to actively de-stress them. He worked one on one with each person, getting us used to the techniques. The cattle became calmer, and then actively started looking to us for signals on what to do,” said Meg Humphrys, DPIR Pastoral Extension Officer.
“We learnt change can be scary for animals so spending an hour with them in the yards when they are first trapped in them can make a huge difference to how concerned they are about being in there. This makes the process much easier when you’re asking them to move through the gates, race and loading ramp without being stressed and removes the need to use cattle prodders.”
“When the cattle are in the yards or in the truck that is when they are most likely to lose condition which is the time when you least want them too as they are on the way to market. You are investing in the cattle’s health as well as your pocket by spending that time de-stressing them. Production-wise it will improve profits in the long term not to have stressed animals,” Humphrys added.
Stress free stock handling improves animal welfare by reducing cattle stress. Research shows that using stress free stock handling techniques can improve weight gain by up to 34 percent, and reproduction by 12 percent.
The group discussed the potential development of an induction package for Central Australian producers, with video footage demonstrating de-stressing techniques.
Self herding at Mount Riddock
Above: Figurine models were used to show self herding techniques and engage the audience.
Following a successful self herding producer workshop in August, Bruce Maynard returned to Central Australia to deliver a workshop at Mount Riddock to five participants.
Self herding is a livestock management approach that uses positive reinforcement to influence grazing behaviour and encourage cattle to move into underutilised areas of paddocks. It also has many other positive applications.
Maynard showed an introductory video, and talked about self herding projects currently being conducted across Northern Australia. He emphasised how cattle and humans alike tend to retreat to familiar (safe) behaviour when faced with challenging situations – but it’s important to turn this behaviour on its head and teach animals to diversify when the going is tough. This is applicable to all situations where animals may become stressed – such as dry times, adapting to an unfamiliar location or being transported.
Animal movement is dependent on a range of factors, not just food and water – which is often disregarded. Maynard reminded participants it’s important to keep older animals and their experienced learned habits with a younger group to ensure continuity in animal behaviour.
Maynard introduced participants to the Maynard and Revell self herding guide, and demonstrated self herding with figurine animals. The workshop provided an opportunity for producers to discuss why certain management practices are used, for example one participant raised how observation in cattle management is often forgotten in the rush to get quick when yarding up cattle.
Wild dog management workshop
Meg Humphrys hosted the wild dog management workshop at Mount Riddock. The expert guests were John Tyne, Wildlife Ranger with the Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory, Will Dobbie from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and Bruce Maynard.
Wild dog attacks on livestock, especially at calving time, have significant economic and animal welfare impacts on the pastoral industry. It is estimated that 3.8 percent of calf loss in the Northern Territory (NT) can be attributed to wild dogs. These issues are especially magnified in dry times when where are more pressures on cattle.
Will Dobbie conducted a wild dog survey across the NT looking out how big the issue was perceived amongst landholders. He presented the findings to the group to get their thoughts on what was found in the different regions.
John Tyne spoke about his role in helping with the Fox Project that was conducted by DENR which looked at the use of injectors to have a more targets affect to 1080 baiting and how that might relate to wild dog control. He also spoke briefly about the role Parks and Wildlife had in wild dog management in the past and asked how the current arrangement in which landholders do their own baiting is working for them compared how it worked in the past with Parks doing the baiting.
Bruce Maynard also attended the session, raising the possibility of using ‘dog deceivers’ – meat that has not been baited so dogs don’t begin associate easily accessible meat with sickness. This was something many producers had not considered, and a possibility for those who had exhausted their bait allocations to prime the dogs for when their yearly allocation is renewed.
“It was interesting to talk about wild dogs from so many perspectives as it is such a diverse issue. Will Dobbie is hoping to write up the results from the project he did over the last few years to consolidate the information but summarising the ranges of perspective will be difficult,” Meg Humphrys said.
The department encourages industry uptake of best practice knowledge and technology to improve the profitability and sustainability of primary industries in the NT.
- Stress free stockmanship
- Self herding - a smarter approach to managing livestock and landscapes, Maynard, Bruce and Revell, Dean
- Controlling wild dogs and pest animals with 1080 poison, Northern Territory Government